Skip to main content

India’s Top 6 Bilingual Minority Speakers; Bishnupriya Manipuri is 6th in India and 2nd in NE India

News and Views
RK Rishikesh Sinha

Bishnupriya Manipuri language speakers hold the sixth position in India and second in Northeast India after Deori language speakers to know two or more languages. In a list of 96 non-scheduled languages of India, Coorgi / Kodagu language speakers top the list with 86.46 per cent knowing two or more languages. This was stated in a paper published byParis-based Evalautions and Language resources Distribution Agency (ELDA) on the basis of 1991 census.

If you are not able be see the below table, click India Top 6 Bilingual Minority Speakers

Coorgi / Kodagu Speakers

According to 2001 Census of India, Coorgi / Kodagu Speakers are mostly concentrated in Karnataka with 164,403 persons. They top the list knowing two or more languages.

Tulu language Speakers

With native state Karnataka, Tulu speakers are in sizable population in Karnataka (1,495,273 persons, 2001 Census),   Kerala (122,995), and Maharashtra (99,729). 68.89 per cent of Tulu speakers know two or more languages.

Deori language Speakers

Mostly concentrated in Assam (23,366 persons; 2001 Census) and Arunachal Pradesh (4,504 persons; 2001 census), Deori language speakers (68.83) top the list in Northeast to know two or more languages.

Sherpa Language Speakers

According to 2001 Census, 13,922 Sherpas are in Sikkim. Out of 16,105 (1991 Census) Sherpas, 10,979 know two or more languages.

Lahauli Language Speakers

The 2001 Census depicts 20,339 persons of Lahauli language in Himachal Pradesh. 67.85 per cent of persons have command over two or more languages.

Bishnupriya Manipuri Language Speakers

Mostly concentrated in Assam and Tripura, Bishnupriya Manipuri language speakers know two or more languages. The 2001 Census of India states there are 53,812 Bishnupriya Manipuri persons in Assam and 21,716 persons in Tripura. However, the apex body of the community, the Mahasabha puts the figure 2.95 lakh in Assam alone. 

In the Indian scenario, there has been paradigm shift unlike the 19th and the 20th century where multilingualism was taken as a ‘problem’; however in the 21st century the multilingual population is considered as an asset for language and social development, the paper states.

Links used: 



  1. We are organising a national level seminar on the issue of socioeconomic status of Bishnupriya Manipuri on January 2013.

  2. Who are organising a national seminar on the issue of Socio-economic status of BM ? How could Mr. Harendra arrive at the tentative month ie Jan.2013 for the seminar? At what capacity,he could announce it? Can he explain?


Post a Comment

We all love comments. It is moderated

Popular posts from this blog

Sri Sri Bhubaneshwar Sadhu Thakur

By Ranita Sinha, Kolkata Sri Sri Bhubaneshwar Thakur, the great saint of the Bishnupriya Manipuri Community was born on 26th October, 1871, in a remote village of Cachar district called Baropua in the state of Assam. He was born to a Xatriya Manipuri family. His father Sri Sanatan Pandit was a Sanskrit teacher and mother Srimati Malati Devi, a house wife. Sadhu Baba from his childhood was indifferent to all worldly happenings. He was engrossed in chanting the name of Lord Krishna. Along with other students of his age, Sadhu Baba started taking lessons of grammar and other spiritual literature from his father. At a very young age he lost his mother but he was brought up with utmost love and care by his step mother. At the age of eighteen, Sadhu baba lost his father, so, to continue his spiritual education under the guidance of Rajpandit Mineshwas Swarbabhwam Bhattacherjee, he went to Tripura. But within one year he made up his mind to visit all the holy places and as such he took permis

A short history of the Bishnupriya Manipuri and their religio-cultural consciousness

Undoubtedly, the accurate period of the emergence or the development of religious consciousness of the Bishnupriya Manipuri is difficult to ascertain, but it is an old one that is undoubted, writes Rini Sinha , Guwahati . Religious beliefs are found virtually in every human society. Religious beliefs usually relates to the existence and worship of a deity or deities and divine involvement in the universe and human life. Religious knowledge according to religious practitioners may be gained from religious leaders, sacred texts or personal revelation. The development of religion has taken many forms in various cultural communities. The accurate period of emergence or development of religious consciousness of the Bishnupriya Manipuries is difficult to ascertain, but it is an old one that is undoubted. However, on the basis of the views of different scholars, pre-historic and historical remain whatsoever is available and from the logic of personal observations, we may put forward some view

The 'Star' Krishankant Sinha of Space City Sigma

By RK Rishikesh Sinha, New Delhi It is a myth that the all-knowing Internet knows everything. One such myth relates to old television stuff aired on Doordarshan before 1990. Search in Google “Space City Sigma”, the search engine would throw up reminiscent results from the people who still long for those days. Those days were really golden days. Krishankant Sinha in the role of Captain Tara in Space City Singma For those who have watched Doordarshan some 15 to 20 years back, am sure they will have nostalgic memories of it. The days when possessing a now ubiquitous looking television set was a luxury. It was a neighbour’s envy product. It was a visual product to showoff, to flaunt that we have a television set . Those were the days when black and white, locked television was rarely found in homes. The days became immortal for teleserials like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Swami’s Malgudi Days (Ta-Na-Na-Na…), Ek-Do-Teen-Char (Title song: Ek do teen char, chaaro mil ke saath chale to